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industry in Britain

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Britain is the second largest industrial producer in Europe after Germany, as its revenues from industry in 2016 were estimated at about 505 billion dollars. Britain maintained its industrial production for 23 years, which led to the growth of the economy extensively, as the automobile industry grew by 3%, and the mining and quarrying sectors grew by 0.7%

Types of industry in Britain

The British manufacturing sector continued to decline in employment and contribution to GDP, which led to a decline in manufacturing and high unemployment rates at the beginning of the eighties, but once economic growth returned in the country, there was a significant improvement in productivity and profits in British manufacturing. Engineering, paper, metals, textiles, clothing, footwear, leather and other prominent British manufacturing industries. It is noteworthy that electrical engineering and chemicals were among the fastest growing sectors, as many chemical industries such as pharmaceuticals emerged. Electrical, industrial and transportation engineering grew, and there was a growth in automobile production among foreign companies. Especially Japanese companies investing in the United Kingdom, and the steel industry after a period of Britain’s exports increased significantly during the nineties, although the growth rates of food, beverages, tobacco, leather and engineering were low, and textiles, clothing and footwear also witnessed a decline for That British companies had great difficulty in competing with the imports of other countries, especially those of Asia.

The most important industrial cities in Britain are manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals, food and beverages,

 Tobacco is one of Britain’s most important exports and includes many of the main industrial and commercial areas that are concentrated in the major suburbs, where about a third of the country’s population lives. The West Midlands, where metal goods, vehicles, aircraft, synthetic fibres, and electronic equipment are manufactured, Greater Manchester, where the cotton and synthetic textiles industry, coal and chemical industries are located, as well as transport and storage centers, areas of Leeds and Bradford, where the wool and textile industry thrives, South Wales includes in addition to the ports of Swansea and Cardiff, industries and The mission is oil refining and the production of metals such as lead, zinc, nickel, aluminium, synthetic fibres, and electronics. Scotland is famous for shipbuilding, marine engineering, printing, textiles, food and chemicals production. The Belfast region in Northern Ireland is a center for shipbuilding, textiles and food products.

The most important industries in Britain

Pharmaceutical industry Britain has a long history in the pharmaceutical industry, and the pharmaceutical industry is the most researched and developed sector, as it has reached nearly 20% of the research of other industries combined, and the industrial output of medicines has reached nearly 10% of the general output. It recorded exports of more than 30 billion pounds sterling, and the United Kingdom is still It seeks to develop the sector by all means. Medical technology The medical industry sector includes a lot of scientists, researchers, designers, doctors and engineers who work with great efforts to achieve industrial medical progress and create innovative technology in the design and manufacture of everything that enables medical progress. About 3,700 British companies work in this field and achieve a financial return of up to To 21 billion pounds creative production The United Kingdom is one of the world leaders in creative production, as it includes the largest studios for film production in the world, how not, it is the home of Harry Potter and Star Wars, contains global halls for film skills, and has a very strong industry for visual effects VFX, and Britain contains one One of the most advanced gaming and technology industries in the world, it has more than It has thirty years of experience in this field, and its market for digital games is ranked sixth in the world in terms of size, which we see always at the forefront in social networking sites and smartphones, the cosmetic industry. The various industries in the country showed that the cosmetic industry added to the local product more than the contributions made by other industrial sectors such as the automobile industry and publishing. The sector’s contribution to the GDP amounted to nearly thirty billion pounds sterling.

Approximately 600,000 job opportunities. In addition, the cosmetic sector works to increase creativity and enhance markets. We do not forget the cultural aspect of this industry. It is worth mentioning that the so-called British Beauty Center was established and is the first official group calling on the government to develop the sector because of its significant impact on the local economy.

Thus, we see that Britain is the fifth country in the world in terms of the national economy and the second European country in terms of GDP. The economy in the United Kingdom consists of the economies of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and England. The economy in Britain depends on several factors and resources from global trade and local industries that are among the It is worth noting that Britain was the cradle of the industrial renaissance in the eighteenth century, and Britain ranks fifth in terms of industry in the world, ahead of America, Germany, Japan and France. Britain is a very developed industrial country, as it embraces many heavy global industries, which are considered It is one of the most famous industries in the global markets due to many reasons. It owns various natural resources of minerals and has advanced human capabilities and other advantages that contributed to the industrial renaissance in the country

And the British government has established an industrial strategy with the aim of increasing productivity by focusing on five areas from which it is necessary for Britain to raise the level of performance. It is a long-term strategy in four industrial sectors likely to grow: life sciences, construction, engine manufacturing, and artificial intelligence. It shows the decision of the American company Merck for Life Sciences, known in Europe as MSD, and provides investment There is a new project in Britain, job opportunities for 950 opportunities, and this is a type of company that the government establishes in the four sectors between the private sector and the government sector. The life sciences sector in Britain is the fastest growing industry with revenues of more than 64 billion pounds annually and works in this sector 233 thousand people, and the focus on the white paper will be on five basic areas after extensive consultations since the publication of the white paper Green at the beginning of the year and Britain is a country known for innovation and has the best research institutions and universities in the world and produces some of the best innovators in the world

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