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industry in Europe

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Europe’s economy includes Europe’s production of manufactured goods, cars, machinery, and steel, and service industries such as banking and health care are increasingly important. Europe’s vast agricultural lands with fertile soil produce large quantities of wheat and other agricultural crops.

The Industrial Revolution in Europe

The second half of the eighteenth century is the first spark that changed the world technically and scientifically. Since the sixties of the nineteenth century, the first industrial revolution began in Europe, which led to a change in the economic and life pattern of people, as industries based on coal and iron prevailed, which led to the development of production systems in addition to this. The introduction of steam energy in the development of transportation systems, which led to a population growth and development that the world has never seen before.

Distribution of industries by European regions

The mountainous places in Eastern Europe and the Scandinavian countries are famous for their timber industry, while fishing is one of the main industries in the Atlantic Ocean regions or the northern sea coasts. Many vegetables, fruits and vineyards are grown in the Mediterranean regions. Russia, Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic produce more than a third of them. The amount of coal in the world in addition to its distinction in the manufacture of mineral deposits such as lead, bauxite, zinc, potassium and mercury, while Romania was distinguished as the largest oil-producing country in Europe until the North Sea countries, especially Britain, began extracting and benefiting from its oil wealth. The largest industrial areas are located in the central western regions, especially in North and Northeast France, the Ruhr Basin and near the northern sea ports of Antwerp, Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Hamburg

modern industry in europe

The European continent is recently characterized by industrial superiority over most of the world’s continents, which is reinforced by its use of advanced technological means and the use of production techniques for the so-called large-scale production, which depends on intensive production at low cost, but Europe and most countries of the world are facing shortages in raw materials as these countries are trying to compensate for this shortage. In increasing skill and using modern technologies, industry in Europe is concentrated in five countries: Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain, France. The following are the most important facts related to industry in Europe. Industries have settled in Europe in general and in the five mentioned countries in particular in areas close to raw materials such as the Ruhr region west Germany, which has very large deposits of coal, which has developed the infrastructure in this region and the establishment of many factories for chemical products, iron and steel and many others. Many European countries are at the forefront in some important industries in the world. Europe has 6 countries out of 10 at the level of countries The world in the automotive industry and has a reputation and quality famous competition since the forties of the last century as a company The French Renault, the Italian Fiat, the German Volkswagen and the Swedish Volvo The mining industry in Europe covers a large area and extends from the United Kingdom in the west to the Caspian Sea in the east. A third of iron ore in Sweden and Germany, natural gas in Holland and Britain, and a sixth of global oil production in Norway and Britain. Europe converts energy for use in industry, such as natural gas, coal, and atomic energy. It uses the phenomena of tides, water flow, and steam diversion. The countries of Europe manufacture services in all its forms as this industry developed after the middle The last century, most of its countries, especially the central and western countries, are distinguished by the world-renowned health care, as well as the means of transportation, and the most famous airlines in the world for decades.

Types of industries in Europe

 The automotive industry The European Commission published a report in 2005 revealing that the European Union is the leading region in the automotive industry in the world. The report states that approximately 34% of the world’s vehicles are made in Europe and the European Union has a share of 7.6% in the manufacturing sector and provides the auto industry for this continent Direct employment for more than 2 million people and indirect employment for more than 10 million Aerospace industries France and the United Kingdom are among the largest providers of jobs in the aviation industry, with more than 4 million employees, most of whom are absorbed in aircraft technology, while the rest of the employees are placed in programs Aerospace, Missiles and Defense The European industry is known for its advanced technology and is known for using highly advanced forms of technology such as nanotechnology and biological innovations to replace potential security threats, and the European defense industry generates employment for 770,000 people Chemicals The European industry is a world leader in chemical production The world, it comprises 27% of the total global production of materials Chemical production is dominated by Germany, followed by France, Italy and the United Kingdom, with small and medium-sized companies dominating the production of chemicals

Europe was the first major region in the world to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, industrial development and the provision of specialized services. Its successful modernization can be attributed to the wealth of this continent, rich in economic resources, its history of innovation, the development of a skilled and educated workforce, and the interdependence of all its natural and man-made parts, which Facilitated the movement of vast quantities of raw materials and finished goods and the communication of ideas Economic modernization in Europe began with a marked improvement in agricultural production in the seventeenth century, especially in England, and the traditional method of farming which involved allowing the land to take a rest periodically and this made way for continuous cropping on the fields Plowed more efficiently and fertilized with manure from animals raised as food for the rapid expansion of urban markets and wealth accumulated in the hands of landowners, the land needed fewer farmers to work on it The accumulated capital and abundant cheap labor created by this revolution in agriculture fueled the development of the industrial revolution in the century eighteen

Thus we find that industry in Europe is of great importance.

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